You can find on this page the New Zealand geographical map to print and to download in PDF. The New Zealand geographic map presents the topography, elevation, rivers, mountains, climate and physical features of New Zealand in Oceania.
The New Zealand physical map shows landform and geography of New Zealand. This geographical map of New Zealand will allow you to discover physical features of New Zealand in Oceania. The New Zealand physical map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
New Zealand is in Oceania, in the South Pacific Ocean at 41°S 174°E / 41°S 174°E as its mentioned in New Zealand physical map. It has an area of 268,680 square kilometres (103,738 sq. mi) (including Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Islands, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands), making it slightly smaller than Italy and Japan and a little larger than the United Kingdom. These physical islands are the main areas of land that emerged from the largely submerged continent of Zealandia.
New Zealand has 15,134 km (9,398 mi) of coastline and extensive marine resources as you can see in New Zealand physical map. The country claims the fifth-largest Exclusive Economic Zone in the world, covering over four million square kilometres (1.5 million sq mi), more than 15 times its land area. It has no physical land borders.
The South Island of New Zealand is the largest land mass and contains about one quarter of the population. The physical island is divided along its length by the Southern Alps, the highest peak of which is Aoraki/Mount Cook at 3754 metres (12,316 ft) as you can see in New Zealand physical map. There are 18 peaks of more than 3000 metres (9800 ft) in the South Island. The east side of the island has the Canterbury Plains while the West Coast is famous for its rough coastlines, very high proportion of native bush, and Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers. The North Island is less mountainous than the South, and is marked by volcanism. The island tallest mountain, Mount Ruapehu (2797 m / 9176 ft), is an active cone volcano. Lake Taupo is near the centre of the North Island and is the largest lake by surface area in the country. It lies in a caldera created by the Oruanui eruption, the largest eruption in the world in the past 70,000 years.
New Zealand topographic map shows the physical features of New Zealand. This topographical map of New Zealand will allow you to discover landforms and geographical of New Zealand in Oceania. The New Zealand topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
New Zealand varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions caused by the Pacific and Indo-Australian Plates clashing beneath the earth surface. During its long isolation, New Zealand developed a distinctive biodiversity of both animal and plant life as its shown in New Zealand topographic map. Most notable are the large number of unique bird species, many of which became extinct after the arrival of humans and introduced mammals. With a mild maritime climate, the land was mostly covered in forest.
Less than one-fourth of the topographic land surface of New Zealand lies below the 200-m (656-ft) contour. The mountain ranges in the North Island do not exceed 1,800 m (6,000 ft) in height as its mentioned in New Zealand topographic map, with the exception of the volcanic peaks of Egmont, or Taranaki (2,518 m/8,261 ft), Ruapehu (2,797 m/9,176 ft), Ngauruhoe (2,290 m/7,513 ft), and Tongariro (1,968 m/6,457 ft), the last three of which are still active. This volcanic system gives rise to many hot springs and geysers.
The South Island of New Zealand is significantly more mountainous than the North Island, but is without recent volcanic activity. The Southern Alps, running almost the entire length of the South Island from north to south, contain 19 peaks of 3,000 m (9,800 ft) or above, of which the highest is Mt. Cook or Aorangi, 3,764 m (12,349 ft) as you can see in New Zealand topographic map. There are also several glaciers in the Southern Alps, the largest being the Tasman Glacier, 29 km (18 mi) long and 1 km (0.6 mi) wide. The rivers are mostly swift-flowing and shallow, few of them navigable. There are many lakes, those in the South Island being particularly noted for their magnificent mountain scenery.
The New Zealand elevation map shows the different altitudes of New Zealand. This altitude map of New Zealand will allow you to know where are the highest and lowest regions of New Zealand in Oceania. The New Zealand elevation map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The elevation bands of New Zealand shown on the maps are not hazard zones and should not be interpreted as such. Such maps aid in identifying areas at risk as the sea rises. But local characteristics are also vitally important. For instance, a low-lying area close to the coast may be protected by a headland or a natural barrier such as a sand dune as its shown in New Zealand elevation map. And groundwater will only be a problem if it is connected to the sea.
Aoraki/Mount Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand, reaching a height of 3,754 metres (12,316 elevation ft). It lies in the Southern Alps, the mountain range which runs the length of the South Island. A popular tourist destination, it is also a favourite challenge for mountain climbers. Aoraki/Mt Cook as its mentioned in New Zealand elevation map consists of three summits lying slightly south and east of the main divide, the Low Peak, Middle Peak and High Peak, with the Tasman Glacier to the east and the Hooker Glacier to the west.
The Taieri Plains are an area of fertile agricultural land to the southwest of Dunedin, in Otago, New Zealand. It is the lowest point in New Zealand with -2 m elevation below sea level. The plains cover an area of some 300 square kilometres, with a maximum extent of 30 kilometres as you can see in New Zealand elevation map. The floodplains of the Taieri and Waipori Rivers, the plains are enclosed to the west by the Maungatua and Silverpeaks Ranges, and to the south and east by a low range of coastal hills.
The rivers in New Zealand map shows the principal rivers with their names of New Zealand. The rivers map of New Zealand will allow you to find the main rivers which flow in and through New Zealand in Oceania. The New Zealand rivers map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The rivers of New Zealand are used for a variety of purposes and face a number of environmental issues. Many of the rivers in the South Island are braided rivers. Rivers in New Zealand are used for number of purposes (see New Zealand rivers map). In the early Maori and European history of New Zealand the navigable rivers were used for transportation. There are 1,609 km of navigable inland waterways; however these are no longer significant transport routes. Rivers are used for commercial tourism and recreation activities such as rafting, canoeing, kayaking and jet-boating. Bungy jumping, pioneered as a commercial venture by a New Zealand innovator, is often done above some of the more scenic rivers.
The longest river in New Zealand is the Waikato River with a length of 425 kilometres as its shown in New Zealand rivers map. The largest river by volume is the Clutha River with a mean discharge of 533 cumecs. Some of the rivers, especially those with wide flood plains and stop banks, have long road bridges spanning them. The Rakaia River is crossed by the longest bridge in New Zealand at 1,757 metres. The third longest bridge is the Whirokino Trestle Bridge on State Highway 1 crossing the Manawatu River. Over 180,000 kilometres of rivers has been mapped in New Zealand.
The Waikato River is the longest river in New Zealand, running for 425 kilometres through the North Island. It rises in the eastern slopes of Mount Ruapehu, joining the Tongariro River system and emptying into Lake Taupo, New Zealand largest lake as its mentioned in New Zealand rivers map. The Clutha River / Mata-Au is the second longest river in New Zealand flowing south-southeast 338 kilometres (210 mi) through Central and South Otago from Lake Wanaka in the Southern Alps to the Pacific Ocean, 75 kilometres (47 mi) south west of Dunedin. The Rakaia River is in the Canterbury Plains in New Zealand South Island. The Rakaia River is one of the largest braided rivers in New Zealand. The Manawatu River is a major river of the southern North Island of New Zealand. The river has its headwaters to the northwest of Norsewood in the Ruahine Ranges of southern Hawke Bay.
The mountains in New Zealand map shows the principal mountains with their names in New Zealand. The mountains map of New Zealand will allow you to find the main mountains ranges and highest mountains of New Zealand in Oceania. The New Zealand mountains map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Most of the alpine areas of New Zealand are in the South Island as its shown in New Zealand mountains map. A chain of mountains begins in north-west Nelson and the Kaikōura ranges, extends into the Southern Alps, which have the highest peaks, and reaches the Fiordland area in the south-west. Mountains dominate large areas of the New Zealand landscape. About 60% of the South Island is covered by ranges with peaks over 1,500 metres high. Some peaks in the Aoraki/Mt Cook region of the central Southern Alps are more than twice this height.
The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres, from Nelson Lakes National Park in the north-east to near the entrance of Milford Sound in the south-west as its mentioned in New Zealand mountains map. Made of greywacke sandstone in the east and schist in the west, they are by far the highest, longest, and most heavily glaciated chain of mountains in the country. In the North Island, ranges with summits of 1,500 metres or higher cover about 20% of the total land area. Elsewhere are ranges of lower altitude or steep, dissected hill country.
All of New Zealand peaks over 3,000 metres are in the Southern Alps as you can see in New Zealand mountains map. They also contain all the larger high snowfields (névés) and all remaining glaciers that extend down to the floors of major valleys. In the west, the mountains end steeply and abruptly at the line of the Alpine Fault. To the east they spread further, with ranges and basins covering a large area of mostly high-country lands. The North Island has only three mountains over 2,000 metres, all of which are volcanoes.
The New Zealand climate map shows average temperature and climate zones of New Zealand. This climate map of New Zealand will allow you to know weather, average precipitation, average sunshine and different climates of New Zealand in Oceania. The New Zealand climate map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
New Zealand climate is mostly cool temperate to warm temperate. Mean temperatures range from 8 °C (46 °F) in the South Island to 16 °C (61 °F) in the North Island as its shown in New Zealand climate map. January and February are the warmest months, July the coldest. New Zealand does not have a large temperature range, apart from central Otago, but the weather can change rapidly and unexpectedly. Subtropical conditions are experienced in Northland.Peak summer temperatures are in the range 24-28 degrees Celsius,although inland Central Otago often experiences 30-34 degrees.
Winds in New Zealand are predominantly from the West and South West, in Winter, when the climate is dominated by regular depressions. In Summer winds are more variable with a northerly predominance associated with the regular large anti cyclones which cover all the country. Most settled, lowland areas of the country have between 600 and 1600 mm of rainfall as its mentioned in New Zealand climate map, with the most rain along the west coast of the South Island and the least on the east coast of the South Island and interior basins, predominantly on the Canterbury Plains and the Central Otago Basin ( about 350 mm PA).
There are three main factors that influence New Zealand climate as youcan see in New Zealand climate map: the latitude, with prevailing westerly winds; the oceanic environment and the mountains, especially the Southern Alps. New Zealand has very high sunshine hours with most areas receiving over 2000 hours per year.The sunniest areas are Nelson/Marlborough and the Bay Of Plenty with 2400 Hours per years.Westland is the region with the lowest hours at 1600 which is the same as the sunniest area(Scilly Isles)in Britain.